FURNITURE & FABRIC TERMS
Nothing says more about Mitchell Gold + Bob Williams than looking at our furniture from the inside out. Allow us to help you understand the terms of the trade as you search for your perfect piece.
Acetate–A manufactured fiber made of cellulose obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew.
Acrylic–A manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic has the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape.
Backing–A sprayed coating or another layer of material applied behind fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more durable for upholstery.
Boucle–A fabric or yarn with a looped surface.
Chambray–A lightweight, durable plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim.
Chenille–A soft, woven fabric with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides.
Cotton–A fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber.
Damask–A lustrous self–pattern fabric that is characterized by its glossy design.
Denim–A durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines.
Dry Cleanable–A fabric that should be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water.
Duck–A strong, durable, light canvas–style woven fabric made from either cotton or flax.
Dye Lot–A batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time so the coloring is uniform.
Faux Suede–A soft, durable polyester fabric tightly woven to resemble suede.
Jacquard–A woven fabric used in tapestries, brocades, and damasks.
Latex–A natural rubber–based substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster.
Linen–A durable natural fiber with a natural luster obtained from the flax plant.
Matelasse–A heavy puffy or quilted fabric with a soft feel.
Microdenier / Microfiber–A yarn finer than silk; made of synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon.
Mohair–A very desirable fabric made from the long, silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength.
Muslin–A plain woven fabric that comes in various weights.
Nylon–A manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous.
Olefin–A manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight.
Polyamide–A manufactured nylon fiber known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster.
Polyester–A manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking.
Polypropylene–A quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and exceptionally strong manufactured Olefin fiber.
Polyurethane–A manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength; used in elastic and vinyl like textiles.
Rayon–A manufactured cellulose fiber characterized by it high absorbency, soft feel, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen.
Railroaded–A fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll—the furniture equivalent of 'bias'.
Spandex–A manufactured fiber known for its high elasticity; most commonly added to other fibers to enable stretching.
Trevira–A durable, lightfast, and drapable manufactured polyester fiber with permanent flame retardant properties.
Toile–A printed cotton or linen fabric depicting figures or landscapes in a single color.
Up the Bolt–A fabric that is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt designs may result in visible seams on some styles.
Velvet–A short, durable, cut–pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance.
Vinyl (PVC)–A manufactured fiber noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering.
Washable–A fabric that resists fading and shrinking during a cold laundering process or dry cleaning.
Wool–A natural fiber characterized by its fine, soft, wavy appearance ; made with sheep or lamb fleece, Angora or Cashmere. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna.
Viscose–A manufactured cellulose fiber belonging to the rayon family; characterized by its soft feel and drapability.
1.8 High Density–The weight of one cubic foot of foam is its density. The higher the density the better surface softness and deep down support the foam will have. Do not be fooled by some high-density foams; they may be weighed with sand and are not quality foam cores. Mitchell Gold + Bob Williams foam is pure and not sand weighted. Our seats are guaranteed to have a minimum of 1.8 density High Resiliency foam.
High Resiliency Foam–A pure foam with a cell structure different from conventional foam, which results in more durable and more supportive material. This foam will retain its shape longer.
Corner Bracing–A wooden brace that is screwed into a frame where right angles occur. This bracing adds to the strength of the frame.
Kiln Drying–This process removes moisture from the wood. It ensures that the frames will not wrap, split, crack or mildew.
Polyester Batting–Polyester fiber batting, made by heat bonding 100% recycled polyester fiber and 100% low melt fiber together, creates a seamless, durable sheet. This sheet fiber wraps many of our seat cushions and is also used on the arms and backs of our seating pieces.
Sinuous Springs–"S" curved arched 8–9 gauge steel serpentine springs (also called zig-zag). Secured to front and back wood rails of chairs and sofas for support. Key to our state–of–the–art suspension system.
Slipcovered Upholstery–Fabric that is sewn as a removable cover to place over a muslin–covered furniture base.
Tailored Upholstery–A furniture frame that has fabric fitted and permanently attached.